The Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta is a magical tourist destination in Colombia where the wisdom of nature and the indigenous people converge. Each step towards its interior is an encounter with a beauty and exuberance unique in the world. It's the highest elevation near the sea, independent of the Andes mountain range.
Where is the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta located?
It is located in northern Colombia on the Caribbean Coast, just 42 kilometres from the beaches of Santa Marta where tourists refresh themselves to the sound of the waves the snowcapped summits of Mt. Colón and Mt. Bolivar rise to 5,775 and 5560 meters above sea level, respectively, making the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta the highest coastal mountain in the world. The Lost City, hidden in Teyuna archaeological park, was the heart of the Tayrona civilization.
Ecosystem of the world's highest coastal mountain
It has all the thermal floors, from the hot dry to the perpetual snows from whose thaw come lagoons and rivers, at 3,000 meters above sea level. Around the 29 main rivers live countless birds and howler monkeys that sing the soundtrack of the Sierra.
Below 2800 meters, the soil is more fertile, so there are tropical forests depending on the thermal floor. Between 2800 and 4000 meters, the soil allows the growth of plants such as frailejones and pajonales. In the mountain moor, the northernmost enclave of moorland in South America, above 4500-5000 meters is the permanent snow cover.
UNESCO declared it a Biosphere Reserve and World Heritage Site in 1979, given the network of ecosystems that are home to countless forms of life and several indigenous communities. This imposing mountain is located in northern Colombia and occupies the departments of Magdalena, La Guajira and Cesar.