One of the most surprising things about Colombia for foreign visitors is the unchanging nature of its climate all year round. This is because the country is located on the Equator, which means the sun rises and sets at the same time all year round and the season stays the same, unlike almost every other country in the world. There are just the dry seasons (from December to January and July to August) and the rainy seasons (from April to May and October to November).
However, this doesn't mean that the whole country gets the same weather. In fact, the topographical diversity of Colombia provides a huge variety of landscapes, biodiversity and thermal floors.
Warm climates: These are regions where temperatures are above 24 °C, such as the Pacific, where visitors can enjoy humpback whale sightings; San Andrés, an incredible beach destination, perfect for snorkeling and scuba-diving; and the Caribbean coast, where the famous Barranquilla Carnival is held and the Tayrona National Natural Park is located.
Temperate climates: In these regions, temperatures range between 17 °C and 24 °C, such as Medellín, where the Festival of the Flowers is held, and Cali, home of the famous Cali Fair.
Cold climates: Temperatures ranging between 12 °C and 17 °C. This includes Bogotá, a city that blends history and modernity, where you mustn't miss a visit to the famous Museum of Gold.
Moorlands: In the moorlands of Colombia, temperatures range between 6 °C and 12 °C. This is the case of the Chingaza National Natural Park, which is inhabited by species such as the white-tailed deer, the Andean condor and the spectacled Andean bear.
Glacier regions: Here, temperatures hover below 6 °C, such as the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta mountain range, which is a perfect destination for trekking.
Tropical rainforests: Hot and humid, temperatures here are above 27 °C, such as the Amazon, where visitors are dazzled by the breathtaking exuberance of nature.
Tropical climate of the steppe: Characterized by its high temperatures, scarce rainfall and sparse vegetation. One example is La Guajira, where you may like to visit a local settlement and learn about the Wayuu culture.